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23 March 2018

Parshas Tzav | Shabbos Hagadol – MASTERS OF TIME

By Roy S. Neuberger

Before we became observant, life was like a carousel. We rode round and round. When the music stopped, we got off … at the same place we had started. But when you live a Torah life – lehavdil! – you go somewhere. If you desire to fulfill Hashem’s will, He will draw you closer to the Kisai Hakavod

One of life’s most difficult challenges is …. time! 

I find that – except on Shabbos – I am continually fighting time. 

Time pressure competes with one’s ability to concentrate on the present. If you are worried about completing everything else you have to do, how can you concentrate on what you are doing now? For example, if you are worried about time, how can you daven with kavana, understanding every word you are saying to the Master of the Universe? 

The Angel of Death hovers over us from the moment of birth. As Dovid Hamelech says, “What gain is there in my death, when I descend to the pit? Will the dust acknowledge You? Will it declare Your truth?” (Tehillim 30).In Gan Eden there was no death. Death was introduced into the world only when our first parents rebelled against Hashem. 

Pesach is all about freeing ourselves from the Angel of Death. In fact, the Seder ends with these words: “Hakadosh Baruch Hu … the Holy One, Blessed is He, then came and slaughtered the Angel of Death!” (Chad Gadya) During Zman Chairusainu, we are freed from slavery to time.

“Hashem said to Moshe and Aharon in Eretz Mitzraim, saying, ‘This month shall be for you the beginning of the months. It shall be for you the first of the months of the year.” (Shemos 12:1) The Sforno says, “The word ‘lachem … for you,’ appears twice in the verse, to stress a new relationship between Jews and time. As slaves, time belongs to their master, not to them, for they did not have the freedom to act as they pleased when they pleased. But from then on, Jews would be masters of their time and their Master would be Hashem.” (Stone Chumash) 

A year is clearly delineated in nature; it is one revolution of the sun. On January first, it returns to where it began. But who said that January first is the beginning of the year? In fact, January first is arbitrary, based on the “birthday” of their avoda zara. Why do we accept January first as the beginning of a year? Additionally, why do we call the days of the week “Sunday … Monday” and so on? Monday is “the day of the moon.” Sunday is “the day of the sun.” This is avoda zara! Why do we use these names? 

Only because we are in Golus!

The calendar used in the surrounding society is based only on natural events. If we tie our life to natural phenomena, we will get nowhere. As it says, “ain kol chadash tachas ha shemesh … There is nothing new beneath the sun.” (Koheles 1:9)

During “zman chairusainu,” we are freed from the empty time system based on natural phenomena, whether it is the avoda zara of Mitzraim or of Edom. This is the beginning of our path back to the freedom we enjoyed in Gan Eden, the freedom to serve Hashem without impediment. 

How is this accomplished? The Torah commands us to tie the lunar cycle to the solar cycle by attaching the month of Nissan to the Vernal Equinox, the beginning of spring, the day which on which darkness and light are of equal length (each is twelve hours). 

This one act liberates us from idolatry. “Children of Man, who sit in darkness and the shadow of death, shackled in affliction and iron. He removed them from darkness … and broke open their shackles!” (Kaparos Erev Yom Kippur/Tehillim 107)

The Torah says, “guard the month of first-ripened produce … for in the month of first-ripened produce Hashem, your G-d, took you out of Mitzraim ….” (Dvarim 16:1) Based on this passage, we understand that Chodesh Nissan must always be the “month of green wheat” (Book of Our Heritage), meaning that it must always fall at a certain stage in the ripening of the wheat. Our entire calendar system is founded on this requirement. (See Rambam Kiddush Hachodesh 4:1) Thus, our calendar is based entirely on Hashem’s commandment that we tie Chodesh Nissan to the spring season. 

“At the time of the redemption, the Holy One, blessed is He, changed all the fixed rules of nature. He did this to demonstrate that He is the Creator [and] that everything … is in accordance with His will …. The astrological sign for the month of Nissan is the lamb …. Israel was commanded to take this ‘god’ of the Egyptians and slaughter it.” (Book of Our Heritage) 

Is it an accident that Pesach occurs at the season when the “death” of winter ends, when nature itself is “redeemed,” when sap flows once again through the trees and magnificent blossoms appear, about which we say, “Blessed are You, Hashem … Who created … good trees to cause mankind pleasure?” Is it an accident that we were liberated from Mitzraim in this month? Is it an accident that we began our journey to Har Sinai in this month? Is it an accident that the Mishkan – the Makom through which we achieve dvaykus with Hashem – was erected this month? 

On the Shabbos before Pesach we read these words: “Behold, I send you Eliyahu Hanovi before the great and awesome day of Hashem. And he shall restore the hearts of fathers with [their] sons and the hearts of sons with their fathers ….” (Malachi 3:23-4)

This is the zman in which time was given to us, so that we may use our days, hours, minutes and seconds to serve Hashem. May He bring the Geulah Shelemah soon in our days! 

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Roy Neuberger, author and public speaker, can be reached at

© Copyright 2018 by Roy S. Neuberger

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